How to Integrate Front-End Frameworks with Ruby on Rails

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Do you know building solid and dynamic web apps with Ruby on Rails (RoR) and front-end framework integration may be quite effective?

Thinking how?

RoR offers a strong foundation for creating scalable and maintainable back-end systems, while front-end frameworks like React, Angular, and Vue.js give powerful tools for creating responsive and interactive user interfaces.

It can be difficult to integrate these two technologies, especially for developers who are unfamiliar with RoR or front-end frameworks.

In this blog post, we'll look at the basics of what is frontend development and the steps to integrate the frontend framework with RoR.

What is Frontend Development?

A front-end developer deals with the user interface of a website or application and how it interacts with its users. It involves creating and implementing the design, layout, and functionality of the elements that users interact with, such as buttons, forms, menus, and other visual components.

Frontend developers use HTML, CSS, and JavaScript to build responsive and interactive interfaces that are optimized for different devices and browsers.

A web application framework created in the Ruby programming language is known as Ruby on Rails or Rails. With tools and practices like database migrations, RESTful routing, and automatic code generation, Rails makes it simpler to create online applications fast and effectively.

Why are we talking about RoR?

A well-known backend web development framework called Ruby on Rails (RoR) has been extensively utilized to create scalable and maintainable web applications. It offers a comprehensive collection of libraries and technologies that aid in the quicker and more effective development of applications.

Steps to integrate Frontend frameworks with Ruby on Rails

Steps to integrate Frontend frameworks with Ruby on Rails

1. Create a New Rail Application

Making a new RoR application is the initial step in integrating a front-end framework with RoR.

The "rails new" command can be used to accomplish this.

The command generates a new RoR application with a set of necessary files and folders, as well as the default directory structure.

2. Install the Front-end Framework

Installing the frontend framework's dependencies and libraries is the second step in integrating it with Ruby on Rails (RoR).

Yarn or NPM, two popular package managers for managing frontend dependencies, can be used for this.

Building strong and dynamic web applications is made possible by installing the frontend framework dependencies, which is a necessary step in integrating frontend frameworks with RoR.

3. Add Frontend Frameworks to Your Application

You must install a frontend framework's dependencies and libraries using package managers like NPM or Yarn in order to integrate it with your Ruby on Rails (RoR) application.

For instance, you can install React by running the following line in your terminal if you wish to use it:

npm install react

Similarly, you can install other frontend frameworks by specifying their names in the command.

4. Configure your Rails Application

This entails setting up the asset pipeline, Webpack, or other build tools to compile and bundle the scripts and assets for the frontend framework.

For the frontend framework to handle requests and responses, you might also need to configure the relevant routes, controllers, and views.

For instance, you might need to set the react-rails gem to allow server-side rendering of React components if you're using React with RoR.

5. Build Frontend Components

Creating the required UI elements, such as forms, buttons, and menus, and setting them up to connect with the RoR server using APIs or other communication protocols, are required for this.

You might need to utilize other libraries or tools to create the components, such as React components, Angular modules, or Vue.js templates, depending on the frontend framework you're using.

6. Integrate the Frontend Components

Using APIs, WebSockets, or other communication protocols, the frontend parts are linked to the backend RoR server in this way.

You might need to utilise various libraries or tools, such as Axios, fetch, or jQuery, to facilitate communication between the frontend and backend servers, depending on the frontend framework you're using.

In order to handle requests and responses from the frontend component, you may also need to configure the relevant routes, controllers, and views.

7. Test

The last stage in integrating a frontend framework with Ruby on Rails (RoR) is to extensively test the application to make sure it functions as anticipated and satisfies user needs.

Using multiple testing frameworks and tools entails testing the frontend elements, backend APIs, and overall operation of the application.

Overall, testing guarantees that your application is of good quality and offers a positive user experience and is a crucial step in integrating frontend frameworks with RoR.

Frequently Asked Questionss

Integrating a frontend framework with Ruby on Rails (RoR) can provide several benefits like better user experience, more scalability, quick development, higher flexibility and lot more.

RSpec, Capybara, Selenium, Cypress, or Jest are just a few of the testing frameworks and tools you can use to test your integrated frontend framework and RoR application. It is crucial to discuss a variety of application-related topics, including functionality, usability, security, and performance.

Ruby on Rails (RoR) is compatible with a number of frontend frameworks, including React, Angular, Vue.js, Ember.js, Backbone.js, and others. The frontend framework you choose will rely on the requirements and limitations you have.


Integrating front-end frameworks with Ruby on Rails can help enhance the user interface and overall user experience of your web application. Building applications that are simple to scale and maintain is possible by adhering to the best practices described in this blog. Do not forget to select the appropriate front-end framework for your project, configure your Rails application, build an API, utilize Rails as the back-end, use front-end components, and utilize RESTful routing. You will be able to create effective applications that satisfy the demands of your consumers if you keep these best practices in mind.